elbiler lovgivning electric cars batteries

Legislation on batteries make sustainable electric cars

Reference: The European Commission

How is it possible to prevent batteries used in electric cars and the electricity network from harming the environment? With a varied legislation.

Viegand Maagøe has assisted the European Commission in developing the foundation for a possible regulation in the near future that will secure electric cars as a sustainable alternative to gas and diesel cars through legislation on their batteries.

How we completed the assignment batteries electric cars

It is the aim of the European Commission to ensure a more sustainable transport sector in Europe by means of electric vehicles. Together with Vito and Fraunhofer ISI, Viegand Maagøe was asked to execute in-depth analyses of the environmental aspects of batteries for electric cars and for support of the electricity grid.

We analyzed the supply chain of different raw materials which are critical to battery production. An important aspect was to consider whether the metals are being extracted from mines and processed or traded in high-risk areas.

We also studied as to how EU could demand reductions of damages of the local environment around the mining and productional areas while avoiding child labour, bad working environment, and other negative factors regarding social conditions. Additionally, we investigated whether EU considered the materials as limited resources and to what extent the batteries’ materials could be recycled batteries electric cars.

Viegand Maagøe’s in-depth knowledge regarding EU regulations was used to evaluate which statutory requirements that:

  • secured sustainable extraction of the materials (due diligence procedure)
  • eliminated possible environmental impacts and risks
  • were relevant for the batteries’ performance, capacity, efficiency, and durability.

Aside from studying concrete statutory requirements, Viegand Maagøe analyzed how these requirements will impact the environmental and social challenges that are linked to battery production and its raw materials. Viegand Maagøe also assisted the European Commission in executing a traditional impact assessment regarding the proposed requirements.

An essential part of the project has been the cooperation across national borders and meetings with stakeholders from the industry, NGOs, and Member States.


Reference: The European Commission

Contract period: 2018-19 (Viegand Maagøe + Vito + Fraunhofer)


The project forms the basis of a possible regulation which will ensure that:

  • the drastic growth of electric vehicles will be a sustainable alternative to gas and diesel cars
  • batteries can be recycled at a maintained material quality, and resources will be kept within EU
  • batteries will not result in escalating conflicts in exposed countries, such as DR Congo.
In 2030, the legislation will annually save:
  • 22 GWh corresponding to 700,000 tons CO2
  • € 1 b. for the consumers

Source: scenario models by Viegand Maagøe

The consumers’ savings are a result of the batteries’ prolonged lifetime and higher efficiency. In 2040, it is expected to have reached savings of 870 GWh in total which corresponds to 350,000 tons CO2.

Hence, a legislation can generate a sense of security among EU citizens who desire to buy electric cars that will not cause excessive environmental damage. Additionally, it will contribute to expand the storage of electricity from wind turbines and solar cells. It is important to increase the share of renewable electricity as the electricity is often not utilized while being produced.

Reutilization helps EU’s electric car industry

Many materials in the electric vehicle batteries originate from countries outside of EU. Ensuring the possibility of reutilization within EU will benefit the European battery and electric vehicle industries and increase the possibility to produce independently of China and other major battery suppliers.

Global Goals

The project contributes to several of the 17 Global Goals for Sustainable Development

SDG 8 ’Decent work and economic growth’
Promote sustained, inclusive and sustainable economic growth, full and productive employment and decent work for all.

SDG 12 ‘Responsible consumption and production’
Ensure sustainable consumption and production patterns

SDG 13 ‘Climate action’
Take urgent action to combat climate change and its impacts.


Do you want to know more about the project and what we can do for you? Please, contact us.

Jan Viegand

Partner, MSc in Engineering, Journalist

Mobil: +45 20 85 80 94

Examples of other cases

Calculator for circular lunches


able frokost cirkulær økonomi
Data and analysis

Podcasts strengthen communication

Industriens Fond

Klimaklar SMV podcast
Communication and change management

Energy Labels Result in Energy-Savings

EU Commission

Data and analysis

Website and Brand for Energy Fund

International Finance Corporation (World Bank)

EEF - Case
Communication and change management

Analysis: Energy requirements and renovation of buildings

The Danish Energy Agency

Data and analysis

New metering structure to reduce tax-costs


Køge Kraftværk VEKS energi district heating metering
Data and analysis

Green Transition in Heavy Industry

The Danish Energy Agency

Grøn Industrianalyse
Data and analysis

Supervision of eco-design and energy labeling

The Danish Energy Agency


Analysis gives DGNB points


Data and analysis

Agreement scheme for energy-intensive industry in Ukraine

The energy agencies of Denmark and Ukraine

Aftaleordning energieffektivisering Ukraine - Case-topbillede
Economics and finance

International Strategy for Energy Company

Danish energy company (anonymous)

strategi international wind power energy

Web solution for energy savings

The Danish Energy Agency

Communication and change management

Behaviour saves energy in Glostrup Municipality

Glostrup Municipality

Glostrup Kommune case
Communication and change management

7 documents become 1

The Danish Energy Agency

Communication and change management

Advisory about EU ETS

Skjern Paper


Municipalities make CO2 emission accounts

Realdania & the Danish Energy Agency

Energi- og CO2-regnskabet
Communication and change management

CE: Analyses for sustainable film and TV

Vision Denmark and Producentforeningen

bæredygtig film tv
Data and analysis

Heat pump

Novozymes A/S and HOFOR A/S

Overskudsvarme HOFOR Novozymes Viegand Maagøe Waste heat
Data and analysis

Energy savings in agriculture

Danish Energy Agency

Energihøsten case
Communication and change management

Energy check-up shows the way to streamlining

Lactosan A/S

lactosan energisyn
Data and analysis

CE: The path to a sustainable construction site

TL Byg

TL BYG bæredygtigt
Data and analysis

Energy optimization at Viking Malt

Viking Malt

Viking Malt Energioptimering
Technical support

Energizing Change in Emerging Economies

The Danish Energy Agency

Jalisco at night
Economics and finance

Branding for LED company

Nordic Business Light

Nordic Business Light case
Communication and change management

Climate Strategy = Competitive Edge

The Danish Industry Foundation

Klimaklar SMV klimastrategi smv'er
Communication and change management

Green transition in Vietnam

The Danish Energy Agency and the Ministry of Industry and Trade of Vietnam

Economics and finance

Indoor climate in schools

Municipality of Hvidovre

Hvidovre Kommune - indeklima case top

Campaign for CPH

Copenhagen Municipality

København luft kampagne ren luft redder liv
Communication and change management

Energy optimization through pinch-analysis

AAK Denmark A/S

AAK Viegand Maagøe
Data and analysis

Website: Plastikviden.dk

The Danish Environmental Protection Agency

plastikviden plastik nationale plastikcenter
Communication and change management

Climate and total economy go hand in hand

The Ministry of Environment of Denmark

Bæredygtige produkter viegand maagøe grøn omstilling
Data and analysis

Sustainable sanitation services in Lusaka

International Finance Corporation (World Bank)

Spildevandshåndtering Lusaka Case-top

Media coverage makes CO2 reductions

The Danish Energy Agency

Communication and change management

CO2 calculator boosts sales

Ingemann Components

CO2-beregner booster bæredygtig belysning

Recycling of household plastic

Dansk Affaldsminimering

Dansk Affaldsminimering - case-top
Data and analysis

NAMA for the sugar sector in Mexico


Sukkersektor Mexico Case-top

Using Big Data for energy savings

Høje-Taastrup Municipality

Big Data Høje-Taastrup-case-top
Data and analysis

Structured communication for new mental health foundation


Norliv Foreningen - Case
Communication and change management

Audit of 50 buildings led to energy savings

Københavns Ejendomme

KØbenhavns Kommune -energigennemgang af bygninger
Data and analysis

Spreading awareness about allotment

EUDP (The Danish Energy Agency)

Communication and change management

Waste management in Jamaica

International Finance Corporation (World Bank)

Economics and finance

District heating from waste heat

CP Kelco

heating varmepumpe fabrik CP Kelco
Data and analysis

Helps Irish market surveillance

The Sustainable Energy Authority of Ireland

Irland Markedstilsyn Energi
Data and analysis

The future of municipal climate plans

Several municipalities

Kommune Klimaplaner Lejre
Communication and change management

Advisory service leads to energy savings in private households

The Danish Energy Agency

Energirådgivning-Case-top energy savings private households
Communication and change management

Symbiosis Solution with biomass


dupont biomasse biomass
Data and analysis

Campaign makes CO2 reductions

The Danish Energy Agency

kampagne om CO2
Communication and change management

Circular businesses via website

The Danish Environmental Protection Agency

Communication and change management

Energy renovations made easy for homeowners

The Danish Energy Agency

Communication and change management

Platform for renewable energy in Ukraine

The energy agencies of Denmark and Ukraine

Investeringsplatform Ukraine - Case-topbillede
Communication and change management

Energy savings at children's level

The Municipality of Gentofte

Communication and change management

Heat pump uses district heating

Høje Taastrup District Heating

Høje Taastrup fjernvarme
Data and analysis

Greenhouse gas inventory for municipalities

Hørsholm Municipality

Klimakommune Hørsholdm Case-top
Communication and change management

Electrification of the Food Industry

The Confederation of Danish Industry

elektrificering af fødevareindustrien